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ed@ed-thelen.org

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Table of Contents.This site presents a great deal of Nike Hercules historical, technical and operationalinformation and provides extensive links to Nike related books, documents, museumsand to other Nikerelated web sites. This site also provides aphotographic tour of Nike site SF-88 (being restored), location and status of Nike sites,and aList of Nike People,some on-line documents,a bulletin board,a search, a Photo Exchange,an FAQ, and a variety of other features.
    The above is archaic (1954-about 1974) -however the Russians are playing "games" again.


Table of Contents

The Web This web site

gotta have a little fun
(Model) Nike Launches from BA-79 just outside of Baltimore
from David Zuchero - Jun 22, 2020

I am working with a group of volunteers who are restoring BA-79 just outside of Baltimore.Last week I launched a scale model of the Nike Hercules from BA-79 off of the one of the elevator doors.Probably the first time any Nike every left the launch site at that base, lucky for all of us!

from JP Moore
This example shows the importance of accuracy in your tax return.

The IRS has returned the Tax Return to a man in New York City after he apparently answered one of the questions incorrectly.
In response to the question, ... "Do you have anyone dependent on you?"
the man wrote: ... "12 million single mothers, 7.1 million illegal immigrants, 1.1 million crack-heads, 4.4 million unemployable scroungers, 80,000 criminals in over 85 prisons, plus 450 idiots in Congress and a group that call themselves Politicians."

The IRS stated that the response he gave was unacceptable.

The man's response back to the IRS was.... "Who did I leave out?"

Introduction

What Nike is all about

Nike Hercules Missile Q5 High Altitude Intercept- 1.5 minutes

This three minute video is a (successful :-) test of an early Nike Ajax destroying a radio controlled WW-II B-17.Later tests verified that the Nike Ajax was also a killer of higher flying sub and supersonic jetssuch as used by the Soviet Union.The next generation was the Nike Hercules which was faster, longer range, and could carrynuclear warheads to destroy multiple targets.
    The "plotting room" equipment shown in this video must have beenan engineering prototype -Things were much more crowded when installed in thetwo vans -among other things, the plotting boards hereare horizontal,in the BC van, they are vertical.The analog computer operational amplifiers are different, big tubes here, in the vans they were "miniature" tubes, and on and on - the zero set switches (the round spinning things in the analog computer) were a little different style -
    I think you could say that this equipment was"re-packaged" forfield use.

Mike Stucka, a staff writer for the Taunton Daily Gazette, was looking for images for a Nike storyand e-mailed
"This story is interesting, and everyone is so darned helpful."
    ( That story has disappeared - I should have made a "local copy" ! )
I thought fora bit and replied:
"These were good days for lots of now older folks -
and we were quite proud of
- the learning experience - some of us even got a little more "mature" ;-))
- doing something useful - better than flipping hamburgers or selling shoes ?
"Most look back andsmile, and like to share the warm feeling :-))"

This site has become a cooperative effort as more than 350 people havecontributed text, stories, ideas, information, and corrections.

The Nike surface to air missile system was named after the winged goddess of victory in Greek mythology. Two versions of this system defended the U.S.and other places from hostile aircraft.

The 1st version, the Nike Ajax, was deployedin the U.S. from 1954 to the early 1960s. It had an effective range of 25 miles.

The 2nd version, the Nike Hercules,was developed which was faster, had a range of over 75 miles, and had nuclear capability.The Hercules was deployed starting in 1958.In 1963, there were 134 Nike Hercules and 77 Nike Ajax batteries defending the U. S. - as per"Rings of Supersonic Steel".

Both versions above are made light and transportable by wheeled vehicles, transportable in cargo planesfor "easy" mobility.With practice and preparation, a site could be moved in a long, hard day.As many parts as practical are made of aluminum or magnesium, the standard power frequency is400 Hertz (cycles per second) saving iron and weight in transformers and motors as in aircraft.

The Hercules is still in use (with an improved computer and a few other enhancements) by several countries today.

This web site does not present photos, histories, nor detailed status of most NIKE sites.I link to other web sites take up that interesting challenge.

Almost all Nike Hercules related information has been declassified - the only exceptions are some IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) information, some flightcharacteristics, and some nuclear warhead information.This site has a little information on the Nike Ajax, and no information on Nike Zeus(external link).

I installed and maintained Nike Ajax fire control equipment (radars & computer) atChicago site C-41 during 1955-1957.Maybe "we" deterred "them".I have served as a volunteer helping restore an old Nike site (SF-88) near San Francisco for the National Park Service.

About submitting photos to this web site.

Colorful Pictures, Movies, Brochures


Two "action" pictures and four movies

Hercules Night Launch,
(17 K bytes)
[Herc night launch]
From previous army pictures at
http://www.redstone.army.mil/
history/archives/nike_017.jpg.

Hercules Day Launch,
(from NAMFI, 32 K bytes)
[Herc day NAMFI launch]
From
Rolf Dieter G?rigk


On-Line Movies
Nike Ajax Intercept - 1 minute, Internet Archive
Nike Hercules Intercept -1.5 min, Internet Archive
Hercules Launchs - 6 min, YouTube

Nike Hercules night launch


The missile (with booster) was launched 0.4 seconds ago, is accelerating at25 times the force of earth's gravity, has risen 60 feet, and it is now going 210 miles per hour.

Four seconds from now, the missile will be:

  • going 1,700 miles per hour straight up,
  • separated from the booster, (the black flaming thing with the white fins),
  • turning (diving) towards the intercept point with the target,
  • starting the sustainer rocket engine to reach 2,700 miles per hour.
If the target is 90 miles approaching at mach 1.5, the missile willmeet the target 60 miles away in 90 seconds.

The Nike Hercules shown here defended major U.S. target areas againstaircraft attack from 1958 to 1974. It had an effective range of over 75 miles and a speed of mach 3.6.South Korea has over 200 of these missiles, withassociated radars and guidance systems, currently in service.

Its predecessor, the smaller Nike Ajax, was in service from 1954 through about 1965.It had a range of 25 miles and a speed of mach 2.5.

......
Click here for expanded graphics scanned by Pete WurzbachC/4/562 Alvarado, Texas


2.3 MBytes
A short easy introduction to the Nike Anti-Aircraft system - from Michael Keller- posted May 3, 2013Click on image to download the .pdf"Camp Sarafi", South Korea
from Al Dietz ...I believe the balloon antennas are left to right: TTR, TRR, and MTR.The LOPAR acquisition radar is behind the building.
I don't normally post pictures of individual sites (too many),but isn't this bleak ?? Gads - imagine winter -

A Great Photo Study of an abandoned Nike site - by Rich Lewis
Lumberton, New Jersey PH23/25, Rich Lewis photo study
A local HTML version, (I worry about "good stuff" going away.)

Intercept - A little more technical ;-))
This is a plot of a Nike Hercules intercepting a target flying at 52,000 feet.
The vertical scale is altitude in feet. (max 100,000 feet)
    The left trace is the Nike missile, the right is the target.
The horizonal scale is computed time to intercept, in seconds.
    The middle is time zero, intercept.
Note: Against high flying targets such as this, the Hercules does not necessarily go above the target.
from TM9-1400-250-10/2 page 36,Manual

Cold War in South Florida, ... Study available free online - posted Mar 4, 2010

3 MBytes
Click on image to download the .pdf
Good news. The Cold War Study of Nike Hercules in South Florida ($19.95 plus shipping) has been re-released in pdf format as a public domain document.

The tours of HM-69 has been overwhelming at Everglades National Park for the second year. Tours will be conducted through the end of March.

Charles D. Carter

The Cuban Missile Crisisby James Whitaker (Nike, South Florida)
The Cold War is an Electronic War (Soviets shot down 23 of our ELINT Planes) 36 minutes through 44 minutes

Michael Keller wrote (Feb 2009) & (Dec 2010) & (Aug 2011) & (Dec 2012)
Cover of 2 MByte brochure Just found this nice piece on Ebay.Printing Date is 10-15-56."The purpose of this booklet is to informhigh-school graduates-and their parents-ofthe matchless opportunities that lie withinthe Army Antiaircraft Command."Well, most of the once-adressed kidswill be retired by now, but maybe theyremember this booklet. Its a 3 page folder, size 500mm x 100mm.(Yes I prefer metric):) But look, on the frontcover:seems that track LIMA296 has slipped through!!:)) It has a beautiful painting inside, anda funny 70's scene on the backside.
It contains the original Team Nike decal, and a small brochure.Both items came to me together with the MISSILE MASTER booklet. [600 KB]
The diameter of the decal is 4,06 inch. (103 mm)
with kind regards from germany,
A recruiting brochure featuring the Nike Hercules, "Now making its appearance on-site."


Nike History

Nike in Overall Air Defense

Nike Site Technical information

Nike Operational information

Support for Nike Field Batteries (and museums)

On-Line documents ( Atempting to sort - somehow ) - Longer range radars another site
- Documents w/out numbers
- Documents wnumbers

  • Documents with Numbers - those marked "(if requested)" have not been scanned yet. Let me know if you want to see one.
    Two lists of Nike Documents,
    List-Nike-Technical-Manuals.pdf andGOGA-List-of-Manuals.pdf from Charles D. Carter
  • - a .pdf file of the manual- spotted by Tom Page
  • FM 44-8 Antiaircraft Operations Center and Antiaircraft ArtilleryInformation Service December 1954,8 MByte .pdf, scanned by Cory Newman
  • FM 44-8 -Army Air Defense Command Posts August 1962,with change 1 - 1964,2 MByte .pdf, scanned by Cory Newman
  • FM 44-9 - AN/TSQ-51 Missile Mentor System, August 1967, 5.4 MByte,copy from Cory Newman
  • FM 44-10 U.S. Army Air Defense Fire Distribution System AN/FSG-1(Missile Master) February 1963, 6 MByte .pdf, scanned by Cory Newman,images trimmed by Ed Thelen
  • FM44-80 - Procedures and Drills of the Nike I System -Table of Contents, Manual - 24 MByte .pdf
  • MMS Subcourse Number 150- Nike Radars and ComputerManual, MMS Subcourse Number 150, revised November 1973
  • MMS Subcourse Number 151 - Nike Missile and Test EquipmentManual, MMS Subcourse Number 151, revised November 1973
  • MMS Subcourse Number 900 - Lesson 2. Major Units of the Nike Hercules Missile - from Manual, MMS Subcourse Number 900, "Nike Missile Maintenance" Revised March 1973 - 2.1 megabytes
  • MWO 9-1400-250-30-22 Modification Work Order, to Launcher area
  • PIO4324, "On Site On Guard", 1963 2 MBytes
  • ST-44-188 - AN/TPS-1G, a close relative of the AN/FPS-75 ABAR acquisition radar used in some Nike sites
  • T1 Field Manual 7.6 megabytes - thanks to Rolf D Goerigk
  • TM-5-1450-201-15 Elevator, Hydraulic, Guided Missile, AutomaticallyOperated Doors -31 MBytes
    and Elevator Docs via Bruce Long,
  • TM 9-1400-250-10/2 - A great introduction to theNike Hercules system, in technical manual format - 135 pages, and also in smaller sections.(There is also a Tactical Control section)
  • TM-9-1410-250-12/1 - OPERATOR AND ORG MAINTENANCE MANUAL: MIM-14A AND MIM-14B (NIKE-HERCULES AND IMPROVED NIKE-HERCULES) November 1967
  • TM-9-1410-250-24P-1-2 Organizational, Direct Support and General Support Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools list Including Depot Maintenance Repairs parts and special Tools - Illustration Supplement for ... MIM-14B and MIM-14C - - 10 MB .pdf
  • TM 9-1410-1250-12/1(FMS)Intercept-Areal Guided Missile MIM-14A, B, C - July 1981, 88 MBytes - from Rolf Goerigk
  • TM9-1430-250-12P/10/2 Illustration Supplement for ... (Improved Nike-Herc) - 12 MByte
  • TM-9-1430-250-15P/9/1 Radar Course Directing Central Director Station - 1969 @ SF-88
  • TM-9-1430-250-24P-9-1 special tools ... for Director Station @ SF-88
  • TM-9-1430-251-12/3 Unit Schematic Diagrams -Computer System and Data Recorder @ SF-88
  • TM-9-1430-252-12/2 Unit Schematic Diagrams - Target Tracking and Missile TrackingRadar Systems and Radar Test Set TS-847/MSW-1- October 1966 @ SF-88
  • TM-9-1430-253-12-4 - Chapter 3Overall Physical description of the Radar Course Directing Central - Improved NIKE-HERCULESfrom Josef Wiesner
  • TM9-1430-253-14P_2_2 Nike Plot Pages 125 to 152
  • TM9-1430-253-34 TTR, TRR, MTR, Radar Test Set- DS & GS Main. Man. - Google scan, via Jack Anderson
  • TM-9-1430-257-20 Hercules Acquisition Radar @ SF-88
  • TM 9-1430-1256-12/1(FMS)Check Procedures, Target Tracking, Target Ranging, Missile Tracking Radar Systemsand Radar Test Set Group - Allied Configuration, September 1983, 28 MBytes - from Rolf Goerigk
  • TM9-1440-250-10-1 Nike Hercules Overall System Description
  • TM9-1440-250-10-2 List of Nike Technical Manuals - from Charles Carter
        GOGA List of Manuals which may be available at Golden Gate NP- from Charles Carter
  • TM 9-1440-250-20-1 GUIDED MISSILE LAUNCHING SET, Organizational Maintenance, Nike-Hercules
  • Launcher repair kit.pdf - 9 pages from Michael Keller
  • TM9-1440-250-29P-6-2 Illustrated Supplement Rail, Launching-Handling Guided Missile, M3A1 1450-00-474-0717
  • TM_9-1440-252-34 Hercules Monorail Laucher, Launching-Handling Rail,side truss, loading rack support, launcher transport modification kit,and launcher basic accessory kit
  • TM_9-1970-2_Feb_58, part 1,part 2,Ammunition Antiaircraft Guided Missile M1 (Nike-Ajax),Identification, Description, Packing, Care, Handling,Preservation, and Destruction (each about 4 megabytes )fromScott Murdockvia Ron Plante
  • TM9-1970-2-35P Field and Depot Maintenance Ammunition, Guided Missile,M1 (Nike-Ajax), Repair Parts andSpecial Tools List
    - 2 MBytes, from Michael Keller viaJames Fee Langendoen
  • TM9-5000-3 - NIKE I Computer
  • NIKE I Systems, - 4.5 MB - from Greg Brown
  • TM9-5000-9 - Acquisition Radar Circuitry -13.5 MByte,
  • TM9-5000-13 - Nike I Computer - SAM Problem Analysis, DC Amplifiers, Automatic Zero Setting, Servo Loop Elements, and Power Distribution - 6.3 MBytes
  • TM9-5000-14 -Computer Prelaunch Section and Initial Turn Section Circuitry2.7 MB
  • TM9-5000-15 - Computer Steering Section Circuitry - 6.8 Megabytes
  • TM9-5000-18 NIKE 1 Systems, TTR Transmitter and Receiver Circuitry - 8 MBytes
  • TM9-5000-19 - Target Tracking Radar Range and Presentation Circuitry3.7 MB
  • TM9-5000-20 - TTR Antenna Positioning Circuitry - 10 MB
  • TM9-5000-21 - Missile-Tracking Radar Circuitry - 10 MB
  • TM9-5000-28 NIKE 1 Systems, Nike I MissileGuidance Unit
  • TM9-5000-29 - Missile Electrical Checkout Equipment- 9.3 MByte
  • TM 9-6092-1-1 - Antiaircraft Fire Control System M33C and M33D Operation, June 1956
  • TOE 44-535T, 1959-TO&E, 753 KBytes, pdf, from Charles Carter

    Places to visit, physical and on-line

    People and Trip Reports

    Stories, Questions

    Other -

    Spotted by Jay Youngbluth
  • Remember that silly tale spread by the Obama administration about the cause of the Benghazi Massacre
    "Someone in Los Angeles offended Muslims."
    reminded me of this "joke",
    and a not so funny poem.
  • Little Known VA Benefit - fromJames Biles -jtbiles @ earthlink . net
  • Angel Flight
  • It is the Veteran
  • - J.P. Moore votes this best
  • Veteran vs ("liberal") Politican
  • Jane Fonda Memorial
  • History Not Taught in School!
  • Bill Mauldin, for Willie&Joe, 1921-2003, 1.1 million Veterans do not get the multi-million dollar bonuses handed out to bailed out Wall Street gougers
  • TAPS
  • Ann Margret :-))
  • Memorial for Darrell "Shifty" Powers of "Band of Brothers"
  • A Simple Thank You
  • The Rock
  • The Final Inspection
  • It Won't Be Long And They Will Be Gone - forwarded by Byron
  • Standing Guard at the 38th Parallel
    From Richard Brody, author of "Standing Guard at the 38th Parallel" - What really pisses me off- glad you asked- is that the dogs killed in Vietnam have a website dedicated to them, listing each of the dog's names. None of the US soldiers lost (killed) in Korea after the war, (which never really ended), are listed anywhere as casualties. Only their moms, wives and families know, and some of us who were there and lost buddies :>((
  • Veteran's Day Poem
  • Christmas Poem
  • Simple Soldier
  • Experts or at least helpful
  • Stories about SAGE,Sage Talk,manual Introduction to SAGE AN/FSQ-7 & AN/FSQ-8
  • An (offsite) Nike game web page - dead link
  • collecting aadcp information
  • Military Occupation Specialty Codes (MOS)


  • Formal Names
    Formal identifications (as per Ron Parshall).
    Nike Ajax
  • TARGET TRACKING OA-858/MPA-4
  • Missile Tracking Radar OA-859 MPA-4
  • About photo submission

    New policy: I am introducing a Photo Exchange so that those who wish to share can,and those who wish, can ask.I hope this works better than my previous "no photos"policy.You are still invited to look up web sites who specialize in a particulararea, and offer there.

    Thank you

    Ed Thelen

    Good news ;-)) Nike not considered obsolete. ;-))
    Return to Technical

    Subject: Status updat of my FOIA to Redstone Arsenal for the history ofthe Nike Hercules weapons system by Mary T Cagle
    From: James Newman < jamesnewman1976 @ yahoo . com >
    Date: Mon, July 17, 2017

    Dear Ed,
    I just got my FOIA to Redstone Arsenal US Army Material Command denied. I am going to appeal within the 60 day time limit. This document was denied under Executive order 13526 section 3.3 Section 4 "For State of the art technology" the document will remain classified for 50 years from its creation date until 2023. Vacuum tube technology of the early to mid-1950s is not state of the art technology. This system went defunct in 1980 when the last Nikes were decommissioned in Florida and Alaska.

    Cory Newman


    General diagram of a Nike Hercules site.

    Figure from FM 44-1-2 ADA Reference Handbook, 15 June 1984, as found on page 20 of "Rings of Supersonic Steel".

    If you have comments or suggestions, Send e-mailto Ed Thelen(ed@ed-thelen.org)
    Some
    flattering pictures of Ed, a short bio.

    This page updated Feb 3, 2018
    The rest of this web site is being enhanced frequently.

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    Some of my favorite videos
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